A+ A A-

AVENGERS: Attributing and Verifying European and National Greenhouse Gas and Aerosol Emissions and Reconciliation With Statistical Bottom Up Estimates

AVENGERS unites a diverse group of experts in order to establish how top-down techniques can support the verification of national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and other regulated estimates of emissions and removals, in order to improve or supplement the methods/approaches currently used.  In recognition of the need for a truly multi-actor approach, the team represents experts in atmospheric inverse modelling and data assimilation, remote sensing, environmental monitoring and observation, terrestrial ecosystem modelling, policy and stakeholder interaction together with national inventory compilers. Acknowledging the complexity and challenges of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East region, and the fact that it consists a climate change hotspot that warms faster than other areas, CARE-C scientists will contribute to the project with their research outcomes and experience in addressing the relevant scientific questions focused on the specificities of the EMME region.
AVENGERS builds upon the heritage of previous EU projects, in particular CHE, CoCO2 and VERIFY and will advance the top-down approach for quantifying GHG and aerosol emissions, as well as reconcile and integrate approaches into a joint bottom-up and top-down framework. Based on the reconciliation, AVENGERS will prepare good-practice guidelines for use of atmospheric inverse models as well as develop a Flexible Inversion Tool for Inventory Compilers (FIT-IC), anticipated to be of major interest to national reporting agencies and regulatory units.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon Research and Innovation Actions, under grant agreement No 101081322


     avengers logo     cinea logo      funded by eu logo



Dr Jonilda Kushta     |     This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

+357 22 208 693



Additional Info

  • Acronym: AVENGERS
  • Center: CARE-C
  • Funding Source: European Union/HORIZON-RIA - HORIZON Research and Innovation Actions
  • CyI Funding: € 456 482,50
  • Funding Period: 42 months
  • Starting Date: January 2023
  • End Date: June 2026
  • Coordinator: Lunds Universitet
  • Partners:
    • Kaminski Thomas Herbert – The Inversion Lab Thomas Kaminski Consulting- Germany
    • Istituto Superiore Per La Protezione E La Ricerca Ambientale – Italian Institute For Environmental Protection And Research – Italy
    • Rijksinstituut Voor Volksgezondheid En Milieu – Rivm- Netherlands
    • Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet Heidelberg – Uhei- Germany
    • Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneosui Cambiamenti Climatici – Fondazione Cmcc- Italy
    • Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno – Netherlands Organisation Forapplied Scientific Research- Netherlands
    • Integrated Carbon Observation System European Research Infrastructureconsortium – Icos Eric- Finland
    • Umweltbundesamt – Uba -Germany
    • Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet – Swedish University Of Agricultural Sciences- Sweden
    • Stichting Nederlandse Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Instituten – Nwo-I – Netherlands
    • Stichting Vu – Netherlands
    • Chalmers Tekniska Hogskola Ab – Sweden
    • The Cyprus Institute – Cyprus

Publications & Media